Why are breastmilk and formula not the same?

Is formula the same as breastmilk?      There are some people out there that argue that there is no difference between breastmilk and formulas now that so many “improvements” in formula have occurred.  At the biochemical level, formula is not the same as breastmilk, not even...

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What about nipple shields?

The use of nipple shields has become almost epidemic in North America and Europe. Nipple shields are seen as the answer to all breastfeeding problems, from babies not latching on, to nipple soreness, to routine use for premature babies. Even the perception of a mother’s...

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Late onset decreased milk supply

From the emails I receive and from the patients we see in our breastfeeding clinic, I believe that “late onset decreased milk supply” is common in the population of mothers we see at our breastfeeding clinic.  It’s ironic because many, if not most of the...

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Reflux or no Reflux?

Here is a typical email I get when parents talk about “reflux”:   A mother of a 4 months old, (7.2 kg) 15 lbs 13 oz, baby writes:   “My baby boy is on reflux meds since around 7 weeks of age.  This was done because he spits up...

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Who transfers the milk?

This video is of a baby born at 35 weeks gestation, now 5 weeks old. The mother is breastfeeding and supplementing with a bottle. The video shows that the widely held notion that breastfeeding “tires out the baby” is false. Babies respond to milk flow. In...

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The Right to Breastfeed

  Many women who would like to breastfeed are not given the right to decide about breastfeeding their baby or continuing breastfeeding their baby. In fact, many mothers are being told that there is no difference between breastfeeding and artificial feeding and thus are not, in...

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Breastfeeding, bilirubin and jaundice

It is usual and normal for babies to become jaundiced in the days after birth.  But the bilirubin that causes the yellow colour of the baby's skin is protective (it's an antioxidant) and too often we treat higher than average bilirubin levels in a sort...

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Breastfeeding and low blood sugar

There are two measures that should be introduced in hospital practices after birth and whose absence is causing many mothers to stop breastfeeding even though they had originally intended to breastfeed.   First, babies should be skin to skin with their mothers immediately after birth. It is...

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